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Kewal Proofreader, India
$4 /hr
4 Years Exp.
0 Followers
Proofreader by profession with 4+ years of experience in Proofreading various types news paper ads, magazines, books, planner and many more from dif...Read More
Having 7 years Experienced System Engineer with a demonstrated history of working in the Computer Hardware industry. Skilled in Giving Technical Advic...Read More
Kumar K.Sr. System analyst , India
$99 /hr
10 Years Exp.
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Analytical, solution-focused types, good communicators and team players, could enjoy working as a systems analyst As a systems analyst, use compute...Read More
Shishir R.Business Analyst , India
$94 /hr
6 Years Exp.
0 Followers
I am a Web development expert with over 6 years experience in setup and customization of WordPress, Joomla, Shopify, Spree Commerce,Software Developme...Read More
Shubham Software Developer, India
$4 /hr
0 Years Exp.
0 Followers
I am a novice software developer with specialisation in iOS and a competent competitive programmer. Have also done some projects on front end web deve...Read More
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Python is one of the fastest growing programming languages. It has undergone more than 28 years of the successful span. Python itself reveals its success story and a promising future ahead. Python programming language is presently being used by a number of high traffic websites including Google, Yahoo Groups, Yahoo Maps, Shopzilla, Web Therapy, Facebook, NASA, Nokia, IBM, SGI Inc, Quora, Dropbox, Instagram and Youtube. Similarly, Python also discovers a countless use for creating gaming, financial, scientific and instructive applications.

 

Python is a fast, flexible, and powerful programing language that's freely available and used in many application domains. Python is known for its clear syntax, concise code, fast process, and cross-platform compatibility.

 

Python is considered to be in the first place in the list of all AI and machine learning development languages due to the simplicity. The syntaxes belonging to python are terribly easy and can be easily learn. Therefore, several AI algorithms will be easily implemented in it. Python takes short development time as compared to different languages like Java, C++ or Ruby. Python supports object oriented, functional as well as procedure oriented styles of programming. There are lots of libraries in python that make our tasks easier.

 

Some technologies relying on python:

Python has become the core language as far as the success of following technologies is concerned. Let’s dive into the technologies which use python as a core element for research, production and further developments.

 

  1. Networking: Networking is another field in which python has a brighter scope in the future. Python programming language is used to read, write and configure routers and switches and perform other networking automation tasks in a cost-effective and secure manner.
  2. Big Data: The future scope of python programming language can also be predicted by the way it has helped big data technology to grow. Python has been successfully contributing in analyzing a large number of data sets across computer clusters through its high-performance toolkits and libraries.
  3. Artificial Intelligence (AI): There are plenty of python frameworks, libraries, and tools that are specifically developed to direct Artificial Intelligence to reduce human efforts with increased accuracy and efficiency for various development purposes. It is only the Artificial Intelligence that has made it possible to develop speech recognition system, interpreting data like images, videos etc.

 

Why Choose Python for Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning?

Whether a startup or associate MNC, Python provides a large list of benefits to all. The usage of Python is specified it cannot be restricted to only one activity. Its growing popularity has allowed it to enter into some of the most popular and complicated processes like artificial intelligence (AI), Machine Learning (ML), natural language process, data science etc. The question is why Python is gaining such momentum in AI? And therefore the answer lies below:

 

Flexibility: Flexibility is one of the core advantages of Python. With the option to choose between OOPs approach and scripting, Python is suitable for every purpose. It works as a perfect backend and it also suitable for linking different data structures together.

 

Platform agnostic: Python provides developer with the flexibility to provide an API from the existing programming language. Python is also platform independent, with just minor changes in the source codes, you can get your project or application up and running on different operating systems.

 

Support: Python is a completely open source with a great community. There is a host of resources available which can get any developer up to speed in no time. Not to forget, there is a huge community of active coders willing to help programmers in every stage of developing cycle.

 

Prebuilt Libraries: Python has a lot of libraries for every need of your AI project. Few names include Numpy for scientific computation, Scipy for advanced computing and Pybrain for machine learning.

 

Less Code: Python provides ease of testing - one of the best among competitors. Python helps in easy writing and execution of codes. Python can implement the same logic with as much as 1/5th code as compared to other OOPs languages.

 

Applications of Python:

There are so many applications of Python in the real world. But over time we’ve seen that there are three main applications for Python

Web Development: Web frameworks that are based on Python like Django and Flask have recently become very popular for web development.

Data Science (including Machine Learning): Machine Learning with Python has made it possible to recognize images, videos, speech recognition and much more.

Data Analysis/Visualization: Python is also better for data manipulation and repeated tasks. Python helps in the analysis of a large amount of data through its high-performance libraries and tools. One of the most popular Python libraries for the data visualization is Matplotlib.

 

Nowadays, Android is not just on tens of thousands of different phones and tablets. It’s on your wrist, in your living room, in your car, and as soon we start assigning IP addresses to inanimate objects, it is going to be pretty much everywhere around us. A lot of ground for even an experienced Android developer to cover!

 

Also there are over one million apps on Google Play, not counting Amazon AppStore or markets we are not generally interested in.

 

So, how can an independent developer create a successful app in this huge market with big players? I have no idea, I haven’t made a successful app! But, I have made a cute one, and I’d like to share my story with you.

Few Android Studio Tips, Tricks & Resources you should be familiar with, as an Android Developer

The reason of this article, is to list helpful tips, tricks, shortcuts and resources for Android Studio that will improve your overall efficiency and performance.

 

1.Material Colors theme for Android Logcat

To change Android Studio Logcat you need to go to:Preferences (Settings on Windows / Linux machines) → Editor → Colors & Fonts → Android Logcat and change the foreground color for every type of log.

 

2. Prevent Android Studio Logcat from clearing the log for the current application when it crashes. 

To do that you need to go to theAndroid Monitorpanel and chooseEdit filter configurationon the right side dropdown.

 

3. Apply a proper code style to your IDE (IntelliJ / Android Studio). 

Go toPreferences → Code Style → Javaand in aSchemedropdown you can choose your code style (or set up a new one).

2 styles which are especially worth to mention:

Square Java Code Styles with Android

Google Java Code Style.

 

4. Use split screen for increasing efficiency.

To turn this feature on, you need to right mouse click on the tab of your main screen and choose Split Vertically / Horizontally feature.

But to be as efficient as possible we need to set up a custom keyboard’s shortcut. To do that go to Preferences → Keymap and search for Split Vertically. Then open a context menu and click Add Keyboard Shortcut

It is shown on a gif below. You can define the shortcut for a horizontal split view as well.

 

5. Distraction Free Mode. 

You can enable it by going to: View → Enter Distraction Free Mode

 

6. Use Live Templates

you can use many already defined templates, like for Toasts or if conditions.

you can use your own custom templates. Here is a great reference article by Reto Meier. You can also refer to the IntelliJ IDEA documentation.

 

Learn XML And Java

Extensible markup language (XML) is a markup language that’s the foundation for the Android user interface (UI) and elements. Java is the back-end coding language of the Android platform, and it’s used with binding functionality with your XML layouts. Let’s take a look at a small example.

 

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <layout xmlns:android=http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"> <data> <variable name="user" type="com.example.User"/> </data> <LinearLayout android:orientation="vertical" android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent"> <TextView android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="@{user.firstName}"/> <TextView android:layout_width="wrap_content" android:layout_height="wrap_content" android:text="@{user.lastName}"/> </LinearLayout> </layout>

 

This small layout has one data object defined as “User.” For developers used to binding elements in even web design, this should be intuitive for you. The data element is defined in Java, and then the object data is bound to the front-end layout element. In this example, we have a first and last name. The following Java code is an example of a User class used for the binding.

 

public class User { public final String firstName; public final String lastName; public User (String firstName, String lastName){ this.firstName = firstName; this.lastName = lastName; } }

Notice that the constructor takes a first and last name variable and binds the data to the public class properties. When the screen opens on the device, this data is then bound to the front-end elements.

 

Before you get started in Android Application development, you should be expert in both of these technologies. Understanding the fundamentals of XML formats is relatively easy, but Java is an object-oriented language and object-oriented programming (OOP) can be challenging if you’re not familiar with the concept. A newer language and framework, Kotlin, has been introduced to help advance Android app development. It can also be used with legacy Java apps as Kotlin co-operates with Java code.

 

The best way to learn Java is to dive into someone else’s code. GitHub is filled with open-source projects that help you understand Java and OOP concepts. The better your OOP skills are, the easier it will be to create a better coded, less buggy Android app.

 

Understand Memory Limitations

Mobile devices don’t have the high memory limitations that desktops have. In mobile programming, you must learn to code with smaller memory limitations in mind. If you carelessly use memory on an Android device, you run the risk of your app crashing due to “out of memory” errors.

To work around this, use services on the device sparingly and release memory resources when your app is hidden. You can release memory resources by overriding the onTrimMemory event although you should know that this isn’t a magic solution that allows you to ignore other performance optimization throughout your code. The following is a small sample of pseudocode that shows you how to override the event.

@Override public void onTrimMemory(int level) { if (level >= TRIM_MEMORY_MODERATE) {

//release resources here } }

Google also recommends that you avoid or at least reduce the use of bitmaps to lower the memory use when your app is running on the device. 

 

Don’t Use The Emulator For Real-World Testing

The Emulator in Android Studio is good for development and even debugging, but it doesn’t fully simulate a working Android device. You can consider basic environment features with the Emulator, but when it comes to testing, you should always use actual devices.

Of course, this is a huge investment for an Android developer, but it will make the entire development and testing life cycle much more efficient. It also ensures that you’re able to test your applications in various conditions as the user changes settings on the actual device. You can, however, use automated cloud solutions such as Amazon’s Testing platform.

 

Testing should never be taken lightly. It should be a major part when you design and deploy apps for your clients. Fewer bugs means happier users, and it can also mean a more successful app in Google Play. This doesn’t mean that you need to buy every device on the market to test your app on, but you should account for some of the more popular ones and the most common screen sizes.

Picking the right company structure for your business is as important as any other business-related activity. The right business structure can allow your enterprise to control efficiently and meet your required business targets. In India, each business should register themselves as a part of the necessary legal compliance. Before we tend to learn how to register a company, let’s try and understand the types of business structures in India.

Types of business structure in India:

  1. One Person Company (OPC): It is the simplest way to start a company if there exists only 1 promoter or owner. It allows a sole-proprietor to hold on his work and still be a part of the company framework.
  2. Limited Liability Partnership (LLP): This kind of business structure was essentially formed to provide limited liability to its owners. To become a partner of LLP doesn’t involve a huge lengthy complicated method. It’s simple to form as well as simple to become a partner. In it, each partner has limited liability to the extent of capital contributed by them. They don’t have to suffer on behalf of its other partners.
  3. Private Limited Company: A Private Limited Company is that company which is owned privately by the individuals. It is more flexible and easy to form than a Public company. It can be formed with just 2 members and 2 directors. But there is a restriction in the maximum number of its partners which is restricted to 200. The number of shareholders is limited to 50 only. A Private company cannot invite public to apply for its shares. This kind of company is more preferred by investors because they can buy/sell stakes easily.
  4. Public Limited Company: A Public Limited Company is that company which is owned by public or in which the public can subscribe. The minimum number of directors is 3 and the minimum number of shareholders is 7. There is no limit on the maximum number of shareholders. The shareholders have limited liability to the extent of the face value of its shares and the premium respectively.

Steps for registration of new company

Obtain Director Identification Number

Director identification number is a unique number allotted by Central Government to any person assuming to be a director or existing director of company in India. Director identification number is 8 digit unique number which has a lifetime validity, details of director are maintained in database through this number.

Whenever a return, an application or any information associated with a corporation or company are going to be submitted under any law, the director signing such return, application or information will mention his Director Identification Number underneath his signature.

Procedure to obtain DIN: There are three different forms

1.      Spice Form (Application Of First Directors In Case Of New Companies): SPICe form is used by the first directors of new companies. The intended person who has not obtained DIN shall make an application through eForm SPICe. The documents which  need to be attached are

·         Proof of identity

·         Proof of address

2.      DIR-3 Form: Any person intending to become a director in an already existing company shall have to make an application in eForm DIR-3 for allotment of DIN.

·         Procedure to obtain DIR-3 Form: The form shall be mandatorily signed by the applicant and the same shall be verified digitally by a:

·   Company Secretary (who is fulltime employment of the company)

·   Managing director or manager.

·   Chief Executive Officer or Chief Financial Officer.

Two supporting documents need to be attached that is:

·   Photograph of the concerned applicant.

·   Proof of identity and Proof of residence.

3.      DIR-6 Form: DIR-6 Form is used by the directors when there are any changes in the particulars of the directors. The form shall be signed by the applicant and certified by a Chartered Accountant, Company Secretary, Cost accountant (whole time practice), Director of an existing company.

Obtain Digital Signature Certificate

A Digital Signature Certificate is a secure digital key that is issued by the certifying authorities for the purpose of validating and certifying the identity of the person holding this certificate. Digital Signatures make use of the general public key encryptions to create the signatures. A digital signature certificate (DSC) contains information concerning the user’s name, pin code, country, email address, date of issuance of certificate and name of the certifying authority.

A Digital Signature Certificate (DSC) explicitly associates the identity of an individual/device with a two keys - public and private keys. The certificate contains data about a user's identity (for example, their name, pincode, country, email address, the date the certificate was issued and also the name of the CA. These keys will not work in the absence of the other. They’re used by browsers and servers to encode and decode data concerning the identity of the certificate user.

The private key is stored on the user's computer hard disk or on an external device like a USB token. The user retains control of the private key; it will solely be used with the issued password. The public key is disseminated with the encrypted data. The authentication method fails if either one of these keys in not available or do not match. This means that the encrypted information cannot be decrypted and so, is inaccessible to unauthorized parties.

Procedure to obtain digital signature certificate

  1. Submission of DSC Application form duly filled in by the applicant. Any individual applying for a Digital Signature Certificate is required to fill an Application Form for online submission and verification of personal details by the certifying authority.
  2. Producing Photo ID proof
  3. Producing  Address proof
  4. To fill in the Application form the please log in to the website of the Certifying Authority.

Register a Company Name

Tips for naming your startup company:

  1. Avoid hard to spell, you don’t want potential customers getting confused concerning how to find your business on-line. You would like to avoid having to continually correct the misspelled version of your name. Keep it simple.
  2. Don’t pick a name that could be limiting as your business grows.
  3. Once you have determined a name you like, do a web search on the name. You will find that someone else is already using that business name.
  4. Use the most secure “.com” domain name for your business rather than alternatives such as .net, .org, .biz, or other possible domain extensions.
  5. You want the business name to convey something meaningful and positive related to your business.
  6. Make sure you are personally happy with the name.

To register your company, you will file your completed application online with the Indian government’s Registrar of Companies, or RoC. The RoC, which is under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Corporate Affairs, oversees the incorporation of new companies and the administration of businesses under the statutory regulations of the Companies Act.

Check online to see if your choice of company name is available. Before you file your application to register your company, it’s a good idea to have your company names firmly in place to ensure the registration process isn’t hindered.

Get Certificate of Incorporation

A Certificate of Incorporation (COI) is a legal document that is issued by Ministry of Corporate Affairs (MCA) once a Company is successfully registered with them. The COI is a proof that the company is now registered with the Registrar of Companies (ROC).

COI issued consists of a date which depicts the date from which the company is deemed to be official registered. It can then commence its business and start working. Unlike sole proprietorship registration of private limited company is mandatory. It is the duty of the promoter to apply for a COI.

Obtain Permanent Account Number

Permanent Account number (PAN) refers to a ten-digit alphanumeric number, issued in the form of a laminated card, by the income tax Department in India. it is a must to have a PAN number for all those who file their income tax returns, because from 2005 onward, it has been made mandatory by the income tax Department to quote the PAN on return of income as well as on all correspondence with any income tax authority in the country.

Registration of GST

GST is the biggest tax reform in India, tremendously improving ease of doing business and increasing the taxpayer base in India by bringing in millions of small businesses in India. By abolishing and subsuming multiple taxes into a single system, tax complexities would be reduced while tax base is increased substantially. Under the new GST regime, all entities involved in buying or selling goods or providing services or both are required to register for GST. Entities without GST registration would not be allowed to collect GST from a customer or claim an input tax credit of GST paid and/or could be penalized. Further, registration under GST is mandatory once an entity crosses the minimum threshold turnover of starts a new business that is expected to cross the prescribed turnover.

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